Sunday, December 8, 2019
Question: Discuss about theCrisis and Trauma Counselling for Psychotherapy. Answer: Introduction: The concept of crisis and trauma counselling has been developed to help people resolve crisis inducing events. These situations occur in any circumstances and have to be dealt with as soon as possible. In many occasions the individuals facing problems lose all capabilities of responding to situations, so they require the proper amount of help and support in order to come out of their depressing state of mind. In order to help a client to combat his or her depression and stress levels it is necessary to understand the given situation well and help the person accordingly. Proper identification of the problem is hence an extremely important step in crisis and trauma counselling. Situations experienced by the client: The provided case study is about a 34 year old psychologist named Patricia. She has faced the pressure of being a single parent. The responsibility of single-handedly raising a child is quite challenging. Apart from this the client also has responsibilities pertaining to the society. In this connection it can be clearly stated that the client faced significant personal issues. These consisted of being a single parent and tackling responsibilities of raising her son and even the work pressure. Being a single parent, the client is incapable of sharing her problems and getting the required mental and emotional support which can usually be provided by a spouse. The situational issue related to this case is that of balancing all aspects of the clients life. The responsibilities of work cannot be ignored by her and at the same time she does not get adequate rest after fulfilment of all her responsibilities. The client also has an office at her home from where she works late into the night and hence the situation in which she is working are taxing and extremely strenuous (Capuzzi Stauffer, 2016). The environment at work which the client faces during the day is also very strenuous as the organisation which she works in has very less chances of employing additional staff. This also contributes towards her increased stress levels (Gladding Newsome, 2017). Besides this, there is a significant amount of speculation and judgemental attitudes towards single parents which needs to be dealt with in a proper way for which the client might feel stressed or pressurised. Signs and symptoms experienced by the client: Due to the stressful work conditions of the client as well as situational factors, she has upheld certain symptoms related to changed psychological, emotional as well as behavioural patterns. Regarding the physical traits it can be said that the client faced considerable amount of exhaustion at work. The client also indulged in comfort eating at the time of stress which accounted for even more amount of stress related to her body weight. She also suffered from severe headaches due to tension and also had difficulty in falling asleep. Her racing thoughts and random patterns of thinking did not let her fall asleep (Headington Institute, 2017). Emotionally the client started feeling down, low, de-motivated at work and dreaded work. There was a certain amount of distance which she felt from her everyday activities. She also felt extremely frustrated regarding her job and felt that she was deprived. She felt let down and sad at not being given the level of promotion which she felt she desired. The behavioural changes were experienced in her daily response to the other staff members and her colleagues. There was an increased irritation in her demeanour and she felt that her colleagues were irritating. The mails which she sent seemed to communicate the levels of her anger and frustration. The client also felt as if her tasks and responsibilities at work were weighing down on her and her productivity started declining despite the additional efforts which she put in (Levers, 2012). The ways in which the client can improve the situation: The best way in which stress can be managed is by channelizing ones thoughts in a particular direction. A person needs to try to choose one thought over another or tackle one thought at a time which is necessary in case of this particular client as well. In case one thought is focussed at a time there will not be a chance of experiencing chaotic thoughts in ones mind. There also are spiritual solutions to such problems, like meditation and the art of staying calm. The thoughts in the head can be calmed down to a significant extent by regularly practicing the art of meditation. The client can start by devoting a certain amount of time in the morning for meditation and can keep on increasing the time bit by bit in order to calm the thoughts which crowd the mind (Headington Institute, 2017). There also needs to be a support system where the client should be able to reach out to others and share the trauma or sad experiences. In case the client can share the problems with her colleagues she can receive a sense of reassurance which might help her concentrate on her work and reduce the levels of frustration experienced by her. It is advisable that the client works towards building a friendly relation with her son so that they can interact casually and can solve each others problems (Hillman, 2013). The psychological inception of the thought processes of the client needs to be understood by her in order to control the thoughts before they start to occupy the brain. The client can also attend inspirational talks in order to attain peace of mind (Levers, 2012). Conclusion: There are several ways in which victims of trauma or crisis situations can be tackled. It needs to be understood that they should not lose hope and should keep on focussing on the positive aspects of life. It needs to be remembered that these situations are very normal and can be tackled with proper care. It is due to the regular interaction with the victims of violence that a negative impact falls on the people who work in such centres. Proper counselling and monitored medication in special cases can solve the issue easily. References: Capuzzi, D., Stauffer, M. D. (2016).Counseling and psychotherapy: Theories and interventions. John Wiley Sons. Gladding, S. T., Newsome, D. W. (2017).Clinical mental health counseling in community and agency settings. Pearson. Headington Institute. (2017).Headington Institute | Blog | Managing Stress: How you think about stress matters. [online] Available at: https://www.headington-institute.org/blog-home/609/managing-stress-how-you-think-about-stress-matters [Accessed 21 Oct. 2017]. Headington Institute. (2017).Headington Institute | Blog. [online] Available at: https://www.headington-institute.org/blog-home/search/resilience [Accessed 21 Oct. 2017]. Hillman, J. L. (2013).Crisis intervention and trauma: New approaches to evidence-based practice. Springer Science Business Media. Levers, L. L. (Ed.). (2012).Trauma counseling: Theories and interventions. Springer Publishing Company.
Saturday, November 30, 2019
In his poem, Traveling through the Dark, William Stafford presents the reader with the difficulty of one mans choice. Immediately, the scene is set, with the driver, who is traveling through the dark on a treacherous winding road when suddenly he sees a dead deer in the road. Right away, the speaker realizes what he must do: It is usually best to roll them into the canyon. The reader can recognize that this is not a new situation for the speaker and he makes it clear that to leave the deer lying in the road could cause an unsuspecting car to swerve and go toppling into the canyon, which might make more dead. The speaker then continues to report the details of what he did next: he got out of the car, which he parked Just ahead of the deer carcass, and stumbled back of the car. He examines the deer and finds that she has stiffened already, almost cold. We will write a custom essay sample on The Road of Life or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page But as he drags her body over to the lip of the canyon, he notices that she was large in the belly. It appears that the doe is pregnant because when he felt her side it was warm. The baby was still alive. This turn of events causes the speaker to reconsider. Pushing a dead deer off the side of the cliff is one thing, but a deer whose baby is alive is different. He knows that if he ushes the dead doe over the cliff, he is killing the unborn baby, so beside that mountain road [he] hesitated. Although a car could come speeding around the turn at any time, the situation catches the speaker off guard and makes him wonder how could he Just heartlessly toss away this innocent life? The speaker seems to be contemplating two options. He could try to deliver the baby to save its life, which he would prefer to do. But he quickly realizes that this option is not a realistic one at all. He couldnt do a surgery like this on such a dark road and be able to keep the baby alive. The speaker thinks hard about what to do. He calls his hesitation my only swerving, because when he realized that the doe was pregnant, his decision to toss it over was reconsidered. But he finally comes to the conclusion that he has no choice but to try to save other humans before its too late so he pushed her over the edge into the river. Who is it best for, the deer or man? Is human life more important than animal life? These are questions that arise when reading the poem and are questions that the speaker must answer before the night is over. Through his use of metaphor, symbolism, and personification, Stafford alludes to the difficult decisions that occur long the road of life, especially death, and the consequences that are a result from those decisions. With the use of these devices, Stafford shows the theme of death as a consequence of these decisions and reveals the conflict between humans and nature. The poem uses four four-line stanzas and a concluding two-line verse. It is a narrative description of the speakers actions during the darkness. There are no regular rhyme schemes and its irregular in meter. But Stafford seemed to be playing with rhymes by using near rhymes like road and dead; killing and belly; waiting and hesitated; engine and listen; swerving and river. Stafford may be doing this so the poem doesnt have a definite structure, giving it a more relaxed feeling when reading it. The poem seems to be set in a conversation style, where the speaker is talking out loud, reliving the event that occurred that night. To illustrate the theme of death, Stafford presents a metaphor relating the literal road to the road Wilson River road. Also, the reader gets the sense that the road is dark and isolated. The only lit section of this road is the stretch that the speaker is travelling n. Symbolically, this represents the speakers current life. The road that has already been traveled symbolizes his past. The speaker may be unable to see his past because of the darkness. He also literally cant see farther ahead, only as far as the headlights will allow, because of the darkness. This sy mbolizes how the future in our lives is yet to be discovered. Staffords symbolic description of the road is comparable toa mans trip along the path of life. In this poem though, Stafford reveals conflicts with stopping along the path of life, not travelling along it. The eceased deer is what forces the speaker to stop along the road, but death in life is what causes humans to stop along their path and take time to make decisions. Stafford also uses symbolism of the deer, canyon, and river to reinforce his theme. The deer is seen as a roadblock which must be dealt with before the speaker can continue on his trip. He cant simply push death to the side of the road as the reader sees when he has a hard time making up his mind. But the deer would Just decay if it were left there. Instead, as Stafford states in the first stanza, it is usually best to oll them into the canyon. Stafford shows the way to deal with this is to discard of it immediately and not to hesitate at all. This may be true for the safety of other cars and people, but symbolically the reader sees it is necessary to deal with this problem so one can continue on their path in life. The canyons with the river at the bottom could symbolically represent a way to wash all our problems away. By Just pushing the deer over the edge and not hesitating, one is getting rid of this problem without letting these troubles hold them back. Another way the decisions made when topping along the road of life are symbolized is through Staffords use of language. The word swerving is used twice in the poem. When explaining why the man should move the deer, Stafford writes, to swerve might make more dead. This also could symbolically refer to a swerve in Judgment. If the speaker makes a swerve in his decision, it has consequences which may cause problems or even death.
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
Frank Lloyd Wright Essays (3051 words) - Modernist Architects Frank Lloyd Wright NOTE: Received an A with some corrections. If your professor is one who checks bibliography's be careful with mine. Art History 5 December 2000 Frank Lloyd Wright American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright is considered the pioneer in modern style and one of the greatest figures in twentieth-century architecture (Twombly, 16). According to Frank Lloyd Wright: having a good start, not only do I fully intend to be the greatest architect who has yet lived, but fully intend to be the greatest architect who will ever live. Yes, I intend to be the greatest architect of all time. It appears that from the beginning, Frank Lloyd Wright was destined by fate, or determination, or by his mothers support, to be one of the most innovative and celebrated architects of the twentieth century. Throughout his life, he designed nearly 900 structures, some 400 of which were actually built. He was principally known for his highly original methods of uniting buildings with their surroundings (Hirsh, 189). Wright was also renowned for initiating new architectural and engineering techniques but was often criticized by the more conventional architects who opposed his new methods (Twombly, 17 - 18). Frank Lincoln Wright (he would later change his middle name to Lloyd) was born on June 8 1867 in Richland Center, Wisconsin, to Anna Lloyd-Jones Wright and William Russell Cary Wright. Anna Lloyd-Jones was a teacher from a large close-knit Welsh family of farmers and ministers. His mother and her family would have a tremendous influence on Frank throughout his life. Franks father, William, was a devout Unitarian preacher and musician. The Wright family spent many evenings listening to William read such works as Emerson, Thoreau, and Blake . In 1869 through 1878, the Wright family traveled the country, relocating to Iowa, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts, where William held pastorate positions (Taliesin Preservation). His father moved from job to job dragging the family along which often resulted in financial difficulties. In 1878, the Wrights eventually returned to the hills of Wisconsin, close to the strong support of Annas family. Finally, settling back in Wisconsin, William Wright became secretary of the Wisconsin Conference of Unitarians and Independent Societies (Gill, 57). Anna relied heavily upon her family to help rear her children. Frank spent numerous hours helping his uncles in the fields, who taught him the importance of hard work. His aunts and his mother intellectually guided him in education, religion, and nature, which played an important part in forming Franks architectural philosophy. Using Froebels geometric blocks to entertain and educate her son, Anna seems to have struck on the genius and imagination her son possessed. Anna consistently encouraged Frank to achieve great things in the field of Architecture (Gill, 58). In 1885, Frank quit high school and entered the University of Wisconsin at Madison (as a special student). He studied civil engineering because the school did not offer any courses in architecture. No longer working in the fields, Frank worked for the dean of engineering in order to supplement the family income but he was not enthused with his situation and dreamed of going to Chicago (Gill, 74). After two years at the University, Frank left and moved to Chicago. In Chicago, Frank found a job as a draftsman with the major firm headed by Louis Sullivan (Art Through the Ages, 1058 - 1060). Sullivan had a profound influence on Frank and became his mentor in architecture (Twombly, 153). With the industrial age, came a growing suburban population. The firm of Alder and Sullivan concentrated on downtown commercial buildings, whereas Frank accomplished residential contracts. His work soon expanded and he accepted contracts outside the firm. When Sullivan discovered this in 1893, he felt betrayed, accused Frank of a breach of contract, and demanded that Frank discontinue working outside the firm. Rather than drop his night job, Frank walked out on the firm (Gill, 87-88). Frank Lloyd Wright quickly built up a practice in residential design that eventually expanded to include commercial architecture. Through designing a prairie-style home and implementing new techniques and materials, business thrived. He created the philosophy of organic architecture, the central principle of which maintains that the building should develop out of its natural surroundings so that the indoors and
Friday, November 22, 2019
ACT Test Dates 2016-2017 SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips At PrepScholar, we keep track of all the best information to advise you about future test dates. Knowing the registration deadlines and test schedule can help you devise your study plan and stay organized so that you can reach your target score. In this article, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll give you the ACT test dates for 2016-2017 and explain the factors to think about when picking your test date. ACT Test Dates for 2016-2017 Here are the test dates, registration deadlines, and anticipated dates for scores to be released. Test Date Deadline Late Deadline Score Release* Sept 10, 2016 Aug 5, 2016 Aug 19, 2016 Sept 19; Oct 3, 2016 Oct 22, 2016 Sept 16, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Nov 8; Nov 15, 2016 Dec 10, 2016 Nov 4, 2016 Nov 18, 2016 Dec 21, 2016; Jan 4, 2017 Feb , 2017** Jan 13, 2017 Jan 20, 2017 Feb 21; Feb 28, 2017 Apr 8, 2017 Mar 3, 2017 Mar 17, 2017 Apr 26; May 10, 2017 June 10, 2017 May 5, 2017 May 19, 2017 June 21; June 28, 2017 *= Refers to online score release. The first date is when multiple choice scores come out, and the second one is when complete scores are available. **= No February dates are scheduled in New York. How Accurate Is the Table Above? The test dates and registration deadlines come from official ACT sources and have been released. The score release dates are projected based on information from past tests, but generally, scores will come out within a week of the projected dates. Keep in mind that there's some variance in when multiple choice scores come out and not everyone receives them at the same time. How to Choose Your Test Date Here are some of the major factors to consider when selecting your ACT test date: Know Your Deadlines! The most important thing to remember is to take your ACT before any deadlines. If you apply regular decision, the December test in your senior year will be the last test you can take for most colleges. If you apply early, the last test you can take may be in October or November of your senior year. Also, scholarships have deadlines. If you want to obtain any scholarships that consider your ACT score, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to have your test score before the scholarship deadlines. How Many Times Do You Planto Take the ACT? Most students improve their scores when they retake the ACT, and you want to give yourself an opportunity to take the test multiple times. Generally, we suggest first taking the ACT in the fall of your junior year. Then you can retake it in the spring of your junior year and the fall of your senior year if necessary. How Long Do You Needto Study? When selecting your test date, give yourself enough time to prepare. Get a rough idea of how long youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to study and make sure youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be able to effectively prepare before you take the test. If you take both the April and June tests without doing any studying in between, your score probably wonÃ¢â¬â¢t improve much. Do You Have Conflicts With Any Test Dates? Check to see if you have any potential conflicts on or around any of the ACT test dates. Maybe the February date is during your basketball playoffs and youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be too busy to study. Perhaps you want to avoid the June test date because youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be focusing on your finals. It may be difficult to find a time when you can fully devote yourself to the ACT, but you should try to pick the best test dates for you. What's Next? If you're studying for the ACT, use free practice tests to help you prepare. Also, find out which schools require you to send all your ACT scores. Finally, if you have any questions about the ACT, you'll want to check out our expert answers to frequently asked questions about the ACT. Want to improve your ACT score by 4+ points? Download our free guide to the top 5 strategies you need in your prep to improve your ACT score dramatically.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
The Neurophysiology of Peripheral Neurogenic Pain - Essay Example This study focused on the aspects of peripheral neurogenic pain with regard to its neurophysiology. According to Hecke et al., epidemiology of pain involves the investigation of the distribution, as well as, the causes of pain and ill health and also how this information can be integrated into managing these predicaments. The epidemiology of pain can be addressed through paying much attention onto the widespread and intermittent pain disorders that are commonly experienced by persons in their daily lives. In focusing on the epidemiology of pain, the core question that might arise would be in relation whether the persistence of pain is a result of unremitting or never-ending ailment. The term scale in this aspect denotes that pain may either be bodily, emotional, or mental. Subsequently, individual views or opinions regarding pain also differs (Simpson et al. 90-95). Stewart, in a study to determine the difference in the pain levels between the two genders and based on their ages, conducted a study that recorded a higher frequency of felt pain among women who rated higher levels of painful feelings as compared to men. This factor is attributed to genetic differences between male and female, as well as, the variations in responsibilities that are bestowed upon each gender by the society. The following graph illustrates the differences on frequency or commonness of pain between men and women Seattle Washington. The results as shown are in percentages. In the graph above, the values on the y-axis represent the percentages of age-sex frequency as was conducted between males and females, while the x-axis represents the ages in groups spanning from 18 to over 65 years of age of the respondents. According to Hecke et al., the medical records in that are found in health institutions have shown a higher proportion of women seeking treatment for pain related problems more than males do. The difference in the
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
ESL Classroom Mgmt Strategies - Research Paper Example For any teacher to be effective in teaching English as a foreign language class management skills are prerequisite. It is an acknowledged fact that classroom management is of critical importance in enhancing the effectiveness of pedagogy since a lack of the same would result to a reduction in cognitive and overall development of the learners. As such effective teaching and learning of English as a second language is dependent upon effective classroom management (Brown 1-12). Classroom management entails the manner of controlling behaviour that would result in disruptions so as to ensure that teaching and learning is maximized. Pedagogical content knowledge entails all of the skills possessed by a teacher which enables them to transmit pedagogical content. This normally includes generic education and subject skills. Subject includes student and teacher based methods and approaches that are employed in the teaching of particular issues. Good examples are the Communicative Language teac hing or the Audio lingual strategy which are exclusive to the teaching of languages. Generic education pedagogy on the other hand includes learner teacher methods and approaches which may be employed in the teaching of any subject. ... sually migrants they may portray behavior which is not normal of the natural born members of the class and hence which would cause disruption (Buchman 143-148). Contrary to public opinion the terms discipline and management are not synonyms of each other. Many people associate discipline with punishment even as it is a means of modifying, correcting and inspiring desired behavior. While discipline is part of management it does not entail all the aspects of management. In addition to discipline management also involves the organization of students, materials, time and space to foster learning. It also entails the approaches and methods employed in order to have the ordered environment for learning and teaching (Bharkhuizen and Gough 453-471). The disciplining of learners in the second language class should be in such a manner that would show care and concern and not victimization (Allison and Rehm 7). Approaches in Classroom Management In classroom management it is important that the teacher employs a particular approach that would ensure he has a proper control over the class. Approaches employed in the management of the classroom include but are not limited to: punishments and rewards, learner teacher relations (Pedder 171-200). The teacher needs top foster compliance in the students by being assertive in the setting up of protocol for instance time of entry into the class, submitting assignments among others. New learners tend to test out the teacher and hence it is important that the teacher set out the protocols that are to be followed from the very beginning of learning (Brynes 472-494). Strategies which are geared towards the inhibition of negative learner behavior such as punishment may not be effective since learners of English as a second language may see this
Saturday, November 16, 2019
Noblest Roman of All Essay The noblest Roman of them all, according to Marc Antony, was Brutus one of the conspirators who stabbed Caesar to death. The note of regret here is ironic, to say the least, because Antony raised the army which has destroyed Brutus. Thats what brings me to say Marcus Antonius is in fact the actual Noblest Roman of them all. Brutus and his group of conspirators brutally murdered Caesar, whom Antony was very loyal to. Yet after the conspirators were killed Antony praised Brutus, not curse him as others expected him to. He believed of all the conspirators, only Brutus thought of the common good, and had honest intentions toward the general populace. The rest merely envied Caesars greatness; Brutus thought it a real threat to the Republic. He recognized Brutus as an honest man who was blinded by others with bad intentions. And in my opinion it takes a noble man to recognize another noble man. Marc Antony was not a man of many weaknesses but, if you had to pin one on him, it would have to be that his name wasnt as prestigious as some of his predecessors. Marcus Brutus was a very popular man, because, he was basically Caesars right hand man. Some would argue that No one would know Caesar better than Brutus, but that didnt stop Antony. Even though he wasnt as popular as Marcus Brutus, he somehow swayed the crowd in his favor. One of Marc Antonys greater strengths was his oratory skills. He was a great orator and he used that to his advantage. He had a penchant for superlatives. The noblest Roman of them all directly echoed The most unkindest cut of all . In effect, he paints Brutus, at different times, both as a villain and as a superlative Roman. In both cases, Antony is aware of the rhetorical necessities of the situation. Marc Antony was the noblest roman of all because he risked his life for an already dead man but he approached the beast without flinching. He put aside his fears to stand up for justice. He even paid his respect to one of the conspirators Brutus because even though he commited a heinous crime, Brutus was just confused, and Antony had enough wisdom to realize